SURFACES, BRUSHES, PALETTES, PALETTE KNIVES for tempera painting
- MASTER CLASS TEMPERA can be applied to any ﬁrm degreased surface
- You can prime stretched canvas, wooden board or dense cardboard by using acrylic primer, PVA glue, or water-dispersing latex paint.
- For tempera painting, it is recommended to use dense paper.
SURFACES FOR TEMPERA PAINTING
For tempera painting, it is recommended to use dense paper (with density from 250 g/m2 or more). The SONNET album for acrylic (400 g/m2) is a perfect choice of paper for tempera. The paper of this album was specially designed for covering types of water-soluble paints. It is dense, with a moderately grained surface, of soft creamy shade, holds the paint well, and does not deform.
CANVAS & HARDBOARD.
It is possible to paint on stretched canvas with tempera. For this, you can use the ready-to-use stretched and primed canvas for acrylic paints or mixed techniques. If you want you can prime stretched canvas, wooden board or dense cardboard by using acrylic primer Acrylic white/black artistic “Sonnet” primer, PVA glue, or water-dispersing latex paint. Surfaces primed using these methods will result in good adhesion of the paint layer. All of them are easy and pleasant to work with, and each will create a different kind of surface to paint on. Try them all to determine which one suits you best.
BRUSHES, PALETTES, PALETTE KNIVES
You can use synthetic or bristle brushes when painting with tempera. The brushes can be ﬂat or round. The unique texture of the paint lets you paint in either ﬁne lines and patterns using thin brushes or in wide covering brushstrokes using wide ﬂatbrushes or palette knives. Due to its heavy and oily consistency, the paint is easily taken with the palette knife and evenly applied to the artwork surface, preserving the form of the brushstroke.
Paper and plastic palettes are suitable for mixing paints. Brushes, palette knives and plastic palettes must be thoroughly washed with warm water immediately after you have ﬁnished the painting session. Do not allow tempera paint todry on brushes.
Palettes designed for acrylic paints that have a special coating also work well with tempera. If the tempera dries on the surface, it can be easily removed - just like acrylic.
The use of varnish is optional. Varnish provides an additional layer of protection to the paint layer from mechanical damage or dust. Also, when drying, tempera paint creates a satin-matte surface that differs a bit from the glossy surface of the wet paint. The use of matte acrylic varnish will highlight the colour depth, retaining the natural matte of the paint layer, and protecting the artwork from mechanical damage.
Varnish should be applied when a painting has completely dried. Use a ﬂat, soft, synthetic brush to apply a thin layer, evenly distributing the varnish over the surface of the painting. It is important to avoid excess varnish on the surface of the painting. The brush should not be too wide. Its size depends on the size of the painting that needs to be covered with varnish. Hard bristle brushes are not recommended for varnishing since it is difﬁcult to evenly distribute the varnish with them.
Varnish should be applied with light short cross-strokes in one layer. You can frame the painting in 2 hours, and in 24 hours, the varnish will dry completely.
However, the easiest way to cover the painting with varnish is to use an aerosol varnish. Spray the vanish diagonally at the distance of 20–25 cm from the paint layer, with light quick movements. Having covered the ﬁrst layer, let the varnish dry and then spay the second layer.